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Effect of PEGylated gold nanorods on the circulating vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and miR-29a in CD-1 mice

Authors:

A.M. Gamal-Eldeen ,

Taif University, SA
About A.M.
Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department
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B.M. Raafat,

Taif University, SA
About B.M.
Radiological Sciences Department
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C.A. Fahmy,

National Research Centre, EG
About C.A.
Biochemistry Department
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M.T. Abo-Elfadl ‎,

National Research Centre, EG
About M.T.
Biochemistry Department
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S.M. El-Daly,

National Research Centre, EG
About S.M.
Medical Biochemistry Department
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M.R.K. Ali

National Research Centre, EG
About M.R.K.
Advanced Material Sciences and Nanotechnology Laboratory
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Abstract

Gold nanorods (GNRs) show promising biomedical therapeutic/imaging applications. This study investigated the effect of PEGylated-GNRs on the angiogenesis factors: vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and their regulator (miR-29a-3p) under variable administration conditions—dosage, gender, routes of administration, and post-treatment intervals. In CD-1 mice of both genders, PEG-GNRs (94, 375, 750, and 1500 ng/kg body weight, ~40 nm, aspect ratio ~4.5) were injected via different routes: intravenous, subcutaneous, and intramuscular, and then VEGF and PDGF were estimated in sera by ELISA, after post-treatment intervals (1, 3, and 7 days). Low doses of PEG-GNRs (94 and 375 ng/kg body weight) resulted in antiangiogenic effects, while the highest dose (1500 ng/kg body weight) provoked a pro-angiogenic effect, especially in females and with intravenous route. The expression of miR-29a was significantly diminished in intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) groups at day 7, in both males and females. miR-29a may be responsible for the increased VEGF in the highest PEGGNRs dose, but it is not responsible for the inhibited VEGF and PDGF levels in low PEG-GNRs doses. The study recommends the consideration of the critical role of dose, gender, and route of administration in PEG-GNRs pro-angiogenic activity, in medical applications as a direct cancer therapy and as a drug delivery agent.

How to Cite: Gamal-Eldeen, A.M., Raafat, B.M., Fahmy, C.A., Abo-Elfadl ‎, M.T., El-Daly, S.M. and Ali, M.R.K., 2022. Effect of PEGylated gold nanorods on the circulating vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and miR-29a in CD-1 mice. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 50(2), pp.467–475. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v50i2.10666
Published on 09 Sep 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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