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Reading: Vector transport of microplastics bound potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in water systems

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Vector transport of microplastics bound potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in water systems

Authors:

M. Sewwandi,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About M.

Ecosphere Resilience Research Centre

 

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K.S.D. Premarathne,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About K.S.D.
Ecosphere Resilience Research Centre
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H. Wijesekara,

Sabaragamuwa University, LK
About H.

Department of Natural Resources

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A.U. Rajapaksha,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About A.U.
Ecosphere Resilience Research Centre
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S. Soysa,

Sabaragamuwa University, LK
About S.

Department of Physical Sciences & Technology

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M. Vithanage

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About M.
Instrument Center
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Abstract

Microplastics can act as a vector to transport various organic and inorganic contaminants. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic organic contaminants tend to bind to microplastics due to their hydrophobicity and high surface area to volume ratio. Recent studies have focused their attention on evaluating the ability of microplastics to bind potentially toxic elements (PTEs). The co-occurrence of microplastics and PTEs may be facilitated by the ubiquitous presence of both in the environment. The metal adsorption of different microplastics has been investigated under different environmental factors and polymer properties to reveal possible interactions. The environmental factors such as solution pH, dissolved organics, dissolution media, and ionic strength have been studied the most and recognized as factors governing the adsorption of PTEs. Degree of aging and polymer type have been highlighted as the key polymer properties which influence the adsorption of PTEs. However, the effects may differ with different PTEs and environmental conditions. Though sorption capacities and mechanisms have been extensively studied, critical analysis of their behaviour in co-existence with other ions in aqueous media remains unexplored. This review focuses on critically assessing the partition coefficients between different microplastics and water for PTEs in the presence of various factors that influence the metal adsorption. Besides, postulated interactions for the adsorption of PTEs in the presence of dissolved organics, competitive ions, and different pH values are overviewed. Moreover, the associated health risks on biota and humans, when they are exposed to microplastics bound PTEs are also discussed.

How to Cite: Sewwandi, M., Premarathne, K.S.D., Wijesekara, H., Rajapaksha, A.U., Soysa, S. and Vithanage, M., 2022. Vector transport of microplastics bound potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in water systems. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 50, pp.331–344. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v50i0.11240
Published on 10 Nov 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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