Reading: Incorporation of nanoclay into field latex to develop nanoclay filled dry rubber compounds

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Incorporation of nanoclay into field latex to develop nanoclay filled dry rubber compounds

Authors:

S Jayaraj ,

LK
About S
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Katubedda, Moratuwa.
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SM Egodage,

LK
About SM
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Katubedda, Moratuwa.
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S Walpalage

LK
About S
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Katubedda, Moratuwa.
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Abstract

Two types of nanoclay filled dry rubber compounds were prepared by incorporating sodium montmorillonite (MMT) into natural rubber (NR) at latex stage. Nanoclay filled rubber sheets prepared by acid co-coagulation (ACC) and acid free co-coagulation (AFCC) rubber production methods were milled and compounded to develop nanoclay filled dry rubber compounds. The MMT loading was varied from 0 to 20 phr.  Both the above methods are not used as filler incorporation methods in dry rubber industry. AFCC rubber vulcanisates, compared to ACC rubber vulcanisates showed improved mechanical properties mainly due to increased crosslink density associated with the presence of natural accelerators and nano-scale dispersion obtained under acid free environment.  The AFCC method is proposed as a new route in filler incorporation, which shows the best mechanical properties at a MMT loading of 8 phr. At higher MMT loadings, due to the formation of aggregated clay structures associated with filler-filler interactions, tensile strength and elongation at break decreased. Modulus and hardness increased with the increase of MMT loading, while tear strength remained unchanged.  XDR deffractograms and SEM images revealed that the AFCC rubber at optimum loading has partially exfoliated clay structures with fine phase morphology. DSC analysis revealed that no significant rubber-filler interactions are formed in the rubber vulcanisates.
How to Cite: Jayaraj, S., Egodage, S. & Walpalage, S., (2017). Incorporation of nanoclay into field latex to develop nanoclay filled dry rubber compounds. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka. 45(2), pp.121–132. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v45i2.8178
Published on 29 Jun 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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