Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Evaluation of bio-acetal as a sustainable alternative jet fuel

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Research Articles

Evaluation of bio-acetal as a sustainable alternative jet fuel

Authors:

RG Saman Wijesekara ,

LK
About RG Saman
Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Faculty of Livestock, Fisheries and Nutrition, Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Makandura, Gonawila.
X close

Catalino G Alfafara,

PH
About Catalino G
Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology, University of the Philippines, Los Banos, College, Laguna 4031, The Philippines.
X close

Masatoshi Matsumura

JP
About Masatoshi
Green Materials Research Corporation, 3-33-12-702, Minami Ooi Shinagawa- ku, Tokyo 140-0013, Japan.
X close

Abstract

The European Council’s strict regulation on carbon dioxide (CO2) emission-allowances for all flights taking off and landing on EU countries has encouraged the development of bio-jet fuels from plant oil due to its advantage of carbon neutrality. The common production methods of bio-jet fuel involve the thermo-chemical cracking of plant oil into short carbon chain fragments of around C8 to C10 compounds. This is often conducted at high reaction temperature and pressure.

In the present study a milder approach using ozonization and electrolysis has been applied for the cracking of fatty acid methyl esters derived from sunflower oil, and the acceptability of the reaction products in bio-blend jet fuel was evaluated. The major chemical compounds generated were aldehydes, but the thermal stability of these compounds was too poor to be utilized as a bio-jet fuel. Acetal, which can be derived from aldehyde, has a high thermal stability and at the same time its flash point, specific energy and freezing point are comparable to that of Jet A-1 fuel. A 10 % blend of 1,1- dimethoxynonane (acetal derived from nonanal) did not change the important fuel properties of Jet A-1. The high thermal stability of this blend was also confirmed.

J.Natn.Sci.Foundation Sri Lanka 2015 43 (2): 165-171

How to Cite: Wijesekara, R.S., Alfafara, C.G. and Matsumura, M., 2015. Evaluation of bio-acetal as a sustainable alternative jet fuel. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 43(2), pp.165–171. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v43i2.7944
Published on 30 Jun 2015.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus