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Analysis of the behaviour of SnO2 composites of ZnO and TiO2 using impedance spectroscopy

Authors:

CN Nupearachchi ,

LK
About CN
Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda.
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VPS Perera

LK
About VPS
Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda.
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Abstract

Composite semiconductor nanostructures will contribute in large measure for the future generation of cost effective optoelectronic devices. In order to advance the progress it is important to understand the mechanism of charge injection, transport and recombination in these systems. Impedance spectroscopy (IS) is a relatively old and powerful method for characterizing many of the electrical properties of materials and their interfaces. In this study, the impedance of composite porous films of SnO2/ZnO and SnO2/TiO2 have been taken into consideration and their behaviour in composite films was analyzed using IS to describe the mechanism of charge carrier transportation.

The composites of SnO2 and ZnO showed higher resistivity than their pure form and when SnO2 : ZnO is in 1:1 ratio the resistivity of the composite film was the lowest (7.6 × 104 kΩ m). When the percentage of SnO2 is around 40 % and 90 % the resistivity of the films were higher where each of these cases could be explained by the depletion of electrons in the conduction band of SnO2 and ZnO at the interface. In contrast to the SnO2 and ZnO composite films, the minimum resistivity of 5.86 × 105 Ωm was obtained for SnO2 and TiO2 composite films when SnO2 is 33 %, which is lower than when they are in pure form. This low resistivity of both composite films is possibly attributed to the formation of a super structure in the composites where the electrons transport ballistically in mini bands.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v42i1.6674

J.Natn.Sci.Foundation Sri Lanka 2014 42 (1): 17-22

How to Cite: Nupearachchi, C. and Perera, V., 2014. Analysis of the behaviour of SnO2 composites of ZnO and TiO2 using impedance spectroscopy. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 42(1), pp.17–22. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v42i1.6674
Published on 10 Mar 2014.
Peer Reviewed

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