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Surfactant behaviour of five carbohydrate liquid crystals

Authors:

ARNM Abeyrathne,

Postgraduate Institute of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
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ADLC Perera,

Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya., LK
About ADLC
Department of Chemistry
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DN Karunaratne

Faculty of Science, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya., LK
About DN
Department of Chemistry
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Abstract

The study of liquid crystalline behaviour of new amphiphilic carbohydrate derived liquid crystals has gained world-wide interest, since these glycolipids have technical and biological applications in a wide area such as thermotropic and lyotropic liquid crystals, surfactants, lubricants, solubilization and crystallization of membrane enzymes etc. Glycolipids are natural surfactants based on a hydrophilic sugar (carbohydrate) part and a hydrophobic hydrocarbon domain. In this paper, surfactant behaviour of five glycolipids is presented based on their critical micelle concentration (CMC). The nonionic surfactants treated with iodine, form donor–acceptor complexes in aqueous medium. Thus the CMC is determined by the spectral absorption and the shift in the absorbance maximum (λmax) of I2 upon complex formation with surfactants. For a better comparison of results, turbidity measurements were exploited to determine the CMC. In accordance with the results of both methods, the CMC of all the acetylated compounds lie within the typical range for nonionic surfactants; 10-5 – 10-4 mol dm-3. Further, other fundamental parameters of surfactants, such as the HLB values and the cloud points of each compound were also studied.

J.Natn.Sci.Foundation Sri Lanka 2013 41 (3): 185-194

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v41i3.6055

How to Cite: Abeyrathne, A., Perera, A. and Karunaratne, D., 2013. Surfactant behaviour of five carbohydrate liquid crystals. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 41(3), pp.185–194. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v41i3.6055
Published on 15 Sep 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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