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A note on the larvicidal efficacy of saponin constituted crude extracts of plant and animal origin against Aedes aegypti L.

Authors:

S.N. Surendran ,

University of Jaffna, LK
About S.N.
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna
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V. Kumaran,

University of Jaffna, LK
About V.
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna
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R. Sivarajah,

University of Jaffna, LK
About R.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna
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S.R. Krishnarajah,

Open University of Sri Lanka, LK
About S.R.
Department of Zoology, Open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda
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R. Srikaran,

University of Jaffna, LK
About R.
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Jaffna, Jaffna
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K. Raghavendra

Indian Council of Medical Research, IN
About K.
National Institute of Malaria Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, 22, Shamnath Marg, Delhi 110 054, India
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Abstract

Natural products of plant and animal origin are preferred over synthetic insecticides due to their eco-friendly nature. The use of natural products and their derivatives are being advocated for the control of insect vectors of human diseases. The crude extracts of the fruits of Sapindus emarginatus (a medicinal plant) and the skin of Holothuria atra (a non-edible sea cucumber) were tested under laboratory conditions against Aedes aegypti, a vector of dengue and chikungunya, for their larvicidal properties. Bioassay experiments carried out with crude extracts of S. emarginatus and H. atra revealed LC50 values of 92.9 and 68.82 ppm respectively. Both crude extracts showed positive result for the presence of saponin. This preliminary study suggests that not only plant but also animal sources can be effectively used to produce less expensive and safe compounds to control mosquito vectors in Sri Lanka.

 

Keywords: Aedes aegypti, Holothuria atra, larvicide, Sapindus emarginatus, vector control.

doi :10.4038/jnsfsr.v37i3.1216

J.Natn.Sci.Foundation Sri Lanka 2009 37 (3):215-217

How to Cite: Surendran, S.N., Kumaran, V., Sivarajah, R., Krishnarajah, S.R., Srikaran, R. and Raghavendra, K., 2009. A note on the larvicidal efficacy of saponin constituted crude extracts of plant and animal origin against Aedes aegypti L.. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 37(3), pp.215–217. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v37i3.1216
Published on 26 Sep 2009.
Peer Reviewed

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