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Evaluation of susceptibility of cassava germplasm to cassava mosaic disease

Authors:

HMS Prasangika ,

Department of Botany, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
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N Salim,

Department of Botany, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
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MM Razak

Medical Research Institute, Colombo 08, LK
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Abstract

Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) caused by geminiviruses is one of the important diseases of cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz causing severe yield loss. Use of resistant varieties is the most feasible measure to manage virus diseases. Eleven germplasms of cassava including Kirikavadi, MU51 and CARI 555 that are recommended and released for cultivation by the Department of Agriculture (DOA) were evaluated for their susceptibility to cassava mosaic disease. Pot experiments were carried out in a planthouse at 30 ± 3°C. Twenty replicates from each germplasm were inoculated by wedge grafting method and were examined for symptoms of CMD. The germplasms WA/KK/10 and 555/KK/2 were highly resistant to CMD infection as assessed by percentage infection and by Triple Antibody Sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (TAS ELISA) tests. All other types (HORDI 28, HORDI 6, CARI 555, MU51, Kirikawadi, BW1, BW2,Wariyapola, and Wagolla) were susceptible to varying degrees. Among the germplasms tested HORDI 6 was highly susceptible to CMD.

Keywords: Cassava germplasm, cassava mosaic disease, cassava mosaic geminiviruses, Manihot esculenta Crantz.  

doi:10.4038/jnsfsr.v36i1.137

Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka 36 (1) 99-102

How to Cite: Prasangika, H., Salim, N. and Razak, M., 2008. Evaluation of susceptibility of cassava germplasm to cassava mosaic disease. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 36(1), pp.99–102. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v36i1.137
Published on 28 Mar 2008.
Peer Reviewed

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