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Reading: Production of embryogenic callus from leaf explants of Camellia sinensis (L.)

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Production of embryogenic callus from leaf explants of Camellia sinensis (L.)

Authors:

Thayamini H. Seran ,

Eastern University, LK
About Thayamini H.
Department of Agronomy, Eastern University, Chenkalady.
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K. Hirimburegama,

University of Colombo, LK
About K.
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Colombo-03
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M. T. K. Gunasekare

Tea Research Institute, LK
About M. T. K.
Division of Plant Breeding, Tea Research Institute, Talawakelle
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Abstract

An attempt was made to produce embryogenic callus from leaf explants of tea (Camellia sinensis L ) . The sterilized field-grown leaf explants were cultured on MS media with various combinations of benzyl aminopurine (BAP) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) to obtain embryogenic callus. The results showed that the rates of callus initiation (72.2%) and formation (56.9%) were relatively high in the medium containing 2.0 mg/L BAP and 3.0 mg/L NAA (referred as callus medium). To study the development of embryogenic callus morphologically and histologically, in vitro leaf segments were cultured on callus medium (0.8% agar) and then transferred at the 8t h week to the same medium but solidified with 0.7% agar. Results revealed that leaf segments became slightly swollen at the cut end, subsequently whitish - yellow, friable cell masseswere produced with bursting of swollen tissues. The percentage of callus initiation was 93.8% in the 6, h week of incubation. 65.8% of explants formed callus covering about half the surface of leaf segment in the 8l b week. Cy tological examination showed the development of collenchyma cells which were packed within the swollen tissues, and after bursting, parenchyma cells formed gradually as a result of cell division. These parenchyma cells de-differentiated into meristematic and embryogenic cells. A few somatic embryos (3.3%) developed from primary calli (16  weeks after incubation of leaf explants) in the preliminary study. The average number of single embryogenic cells was significantly more in liquid medium than in solid. The protocol developed in this study, will be used to obtain embryogenic callus from leaf explants and also genetic transformation.

Keywords: embryogenic callus, in vitro culture,leaves, somatic embryos, tea.

J. Natn.Sci.Foundation Sri Lanka 200735(3): 191-196

doi:10.4038/jnsfsr.v35i3.2018

 

How to Cite: Seran, T.H., Hirimburegama, K. and Gunasekare, M.T.K., 2007. Production of embryogenic callus from leaf explants of Camellia sinensis (L.). Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 35(3), pp.191–196. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v35i3.2018
Published on 23 Sep 2007.
Peer Reviewed

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